What is legal as of October 17, 2018

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What is legal as of October 17, 2018

Post by Palace » Sun Oct 14, 2018 4:31 am

At coming into force on October 17th, 2018, subject to provincial or territorial restrictions, adults who are 18 years of age or older would be able legally to:

possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public
share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis with other adults
buy dried or fresh cannabis and cannabis oil from a provincially-licensed retailer
in provinces and territories without a regulated retail framework, individuals would be able to purchase cannabis online from federally-licensed producers
grow, from licensed seed or seedlings, up to 4 cannabis plants per residence for personal use
make cannabis products, such as food and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products
Cannabis edible products and concentrates will be legal for sale approximately one year after the Cannabis Act has come into force on October 17th, 2018.

Possession limits for cannabis products
The possession limits in the Cannabis Act are based on dried cannabis. Equivalents were developed for other cannabis products to identify what their possession limit would be. One (1) gram of dried cannabis is equal to:

5 grams of fresh cannabis
15 grams of edible product
70 grams of liquid product
0.25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
1 cannabis plant seed
This would mean, for example, that an adult 18 years of age or older, can legally possess 150 grams of fresh cannabis.

Cannabis for medical purposes
The current regime for medical cannabis will continue to allow access to cannabis for people who have the authorization of their healthcare provider.

Protecting youth
The Cannabis Act has several measures that help prevent youth from accessing cannabis. These include both age restrictions and restricting promotion of cannabis.

Age restrictions
No person may sell or provide cannabis to any person under the age of 18. The Act creates 2 new criminal offences, with maximum penalties of 14 years in jail, for:

giving or selling cannabis to youth
using a youth to commit a cannabis-related offence
Restricting promotion and enticement
Similar to the current restrictions on advertising for tobacco products, the Cannabis Act helps discourage youth cannabis use by prohibiting:

products that are appealing to youth
packaging or labelling cannabis in a way that makes it appealing to youth
selling cannabis through self-service displays or vending machines
promoting cannabis, except in narrow circumstances where young people could not see the promotion
Penalties for violating these prohibitions include a fine of up to $5 million or 3 years in jail.

Protecting public health
The Act protects public health through creating strict safety and quality regulations. In addition, public education efforts will raise awareness about safety measures and any potential health risks.

Strict regulation
Federal, provincial and territorial governments share responsibility for overseeing the proposed new system.

The Federal government's responsibilities are to set:

strict requirements for producers who grow and manufacture cannabis
industry-wide rules and standards, including:
types of cannabis products available for sale
packaging and labelling requirements for products
standardized serving sizes and potency
prohibitions on the use of certain ingredients
good production practices
tracking requirements of cannabis from seed to sale to keep it out of the illegal market
restrictions on promotional activities
Provinces and territories are responsible for developing, implementing, maintaining and enforcing systems to oversee the distribution and sale of cannabis. They would also be able to add their own safety measures, such as:

increasing the minimum age in their province or territory (but not lowering it)
lowering the personal possession limit in their jurisdiction
creating additional rules for growing cannabis at home, such as lowering the number of plants per residence
restricting where adults can consume cannabis, such as in public or in vehicles
Public education
The Government of Canada has committed close to $46 million over the next five years for cannabis public education and awareness activities. These are to inform Canadians, especially youth, of the health and safety risks of cannabis consumption.

Reducing criminal activity
More than half of all drug offences reported by police are cannabis-related. In 2016 approximately 23,000 cannabis-related charges were laid. A criminal record resulting from a cannabis offence, even a minor possession charge, can have serious and lifelong implications for the person charged. In allowing the production and possession of legal cannabis for adults, the Act will help keep Canadians who consume cannabis, out of the criminal justice system. This will also reduce the burden on the courts.

Criminal penalties
Under the Act, newly defined offences will target those acting outside of the legal framework, such as organized crime. Penalties will be set in proportion to the seriousness of the offence. Sanctions would range from warnings and tickets for minor offences to criminal prosecution and imprisonment for more serious offences. New offences will also be created specifically targeting people who make cannabis available to youth.

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